Zielfernrohr Aztec Optics ZFs. Kategorien. OPTIK (). Zielfernrohre (). AZTEC; Benke Optics (5); DELTA Optical (4); DDoptics (8); Schmidt & Bender (13). Aztec. Alle Bauelemente waren bei den Azteken exakt gleich. Wer glaubt, die mächtigen Stufenpyramiden seien aus einzelnen Steinblöcken zusammengesetzt. Aztec ist eine Kleinstadt im Nordwesten des US-Bundesstaates New Mexico im San Juan County. Aztec hat Einwohner und eine Fläche von 25,4 km².
The AztecsSichern Sie sich tolle Angebote und buchen Sie Ihr Hotel in Aztec, USA online. Gute Verfügbarkeiten und attraktive Preise. Lesen Sie Hotelbewertungen und. Aztec bezeichnet: Orte und andere geographische Objekte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Aztec (Arizona) · Aztec (New Mexico) · Aztec Lodge (Arizona); Aztec. Whereas some scripts only existed for a short time – the Indus script disappeared along with its culture, the scripts of the Mayas and Aztecs were destroyed by.
Aztec Early Aztec History VideoAztec Empire I │The Origin Of The Aztec Economy Women. Those of Live Roulette former were Aztec with the Postcode Lotterie Betrug wet season, those of the latter with the "male" dry season. As stated before, pochteca could serve as judges, often exercising judicial oversight of their own members. Most ethnic groups of central Mexico in the post-classic Ea News shared basic cultural traits of Mesoamerica, and so many of the traits that characterize Aztec culture cannot be said to be exclusive to the Aztecs.
It was a highly structured society with a strict caste system; at the top were nobles, while at the bottom were serfs, indentured servants and enslaved workers.
The Aztec faith shared many aspects with other Mesoamerican religions, like that of the Maya , notably including the rite of human sacrifice.
The Aztec calendar, common in much of Mesoamerica, was based on a solar cycle of days and a ritual cycle of days; the calendar played a central role in the religion and rituals of Aztec society.
The first European to visit Mexican territory was Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba, who arrived in Yucatan from Cuba with three ships and about men in early In March , Cortes landed at the town of Tabasco , where he learned from the natives of the great Aztec civilization, then ruled by Moctezuma or Montezuma II.
Defying the authority of Velasquez, Cortes founded the city of Veracruz on the southeastern Mexican coast, where he trained his army into a disciplined fighting force.
Cortes and some soldiers then marched into Mexico, aided by a native woman known as Malinche, who served as a translator.
Thanks to instability within the Aztec empire, Cortes was able to form alliances with other native peoples, notably the Tlascalans, who were then at war with Montezuma.
Though the Aztecs had superior numbers, their weapons were inferior, and Cortes was able to immediately take Montezuma and his entourage of lords hostage, gaining control of Tenochtitlan.
The Spaniards then murdered thousands of Aztec nobles during a ritual dance ceremony, and Montezuma died under uncertain circumstances while in custody.
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Mundy, B. Nichols, Deborah L. Nicholson, H. This made Tenochtitlan the largest city in the Americas before Christopher Columbus arrived.
Mexico City now covers the whole area where Tenochtitlan used to be. The Aztecs believed in many gods. Two of the most important gods they worshipped were Huitzilopochtli , the god of war and the sun , and Tlaloc , the rain god.
The Aztecs did many things to keep the gods happy. These things included human sacrifices. The Aztecs also believed that the gods were in an almost never-ending struggle.
The hearts and blood from the sacrifice fed the good gods to give them strength to fight the evil gods. The human sacrifices often took place on the Templo Mayor , the Aztecs' great pyramid temple.
Huitzilopochtli, as depicted in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis. Quetzalcoatl in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis. Tezcatlipoca in the Codex Borgia. The Aztecs ate plants and vegetables that could grow easily in Mesoamerica.
The main foods in the Aztec diet were maize , beans, and squash. They often used tomatoes and chili as spices.
They also created chocolate. However, they did not have sugar , so their chocolate was a strong liquid with chili in it.
In Aztec society , there were different social classes with different social statuses. The most important people were the rulers. Next were nobles.
These were the Empire's powerful members of the government; great warriors ; judges ; and priests. The next social class was the commoners common people.
These were the Empire's everyday workers. Most of them farmed , ran stores, or traded. Other workers included artisans , regular soldiers , and fishers.
Commoners were allowed to own land as a group or a family. Was the Incan civilization located in Mexico? For whom was Bolivia named?
From Belize to Gran Colombia, step back in time and journey through the empires and countries of Latin America. Aztec ruins of the former city-state of Tlatelolco foreground and the Church of Santiago de Tlatelolco background , Mexico City.
Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. The writings preserve a record of the Aztec culture and Nahuatl language.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. It was under Tlacaelel that Huitzilopochtli assumed his elevated role in the state pantheon and who argued that it was through blood sacrifice that the Sun would be maintained and thereby stave off the end of the world.
It was under this new, militaristic interpretation of Huitzilopochtli that Aztec soldiers were encouraged to fight wars and capture enemy soldiers for sacrifice.
Though blood sacrifice was common in Mesoamerica, the scale of human sacrifice under the Aztecs was likely unprecedented in the region.
The most developed code of law was developed in the city-state of Texcoco under its ruler Nezahualcoyotl. It was a formal written code, not merely a collection of customary practices.
The law code in Texcoco under Nezahualcoyotl was legalistic, that is cases were tried by particular types of evidence and the social status of the litigants was disregarded, and consisted of 80 written laws.
These laws called for severe, publicly administered punishments, creating a legal framework of social control.
Much less is known about the legal system in Tenochtitlan, which might be less legalistic or sophisticated as those of Texcoco for this period. These laws served to establish and govern relations between the state, classes, and individuals.
Punishment was to be meted out solely by state authorities. Nahua mores were enshrined in these laws, criminalizing public acts of homosexuality, drunkenness, and nudity, not to mention more universal proscriptions against theft, murder, and property damage.
As stated before, pochteca could serve as judges, often exercising judicial oversight of their own members. Likewise, military courts dealt with both cases within the military and without during wartime.
There was an appeal process, with appellate courts standing between local, typically market-place courts, on the provincial level and a supreme court and two special higher appellate courts at Tenochtitlan.
One of those two special courts dealt with cases arising within Tenochtitlan, the other with cases originating from outside the capital.
The ultimate judicial authority laid in hands of the Huey tlatoani , who had the right to appoint lesser judges. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Aztec Empire as a political entity. For Aztec culture, see Aztecs. For Aztec society, see Aztec society. Imperial alliance of city states located in central Mexico during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Engraving of the Teocalli of the Sacred War representing the Aztec coat of arms. Quachtli Cocoa bean. Full list of monarchs at bottom of page.
Main article: Aztec warfare. Main article: Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. See also: Aztec religion. See also: Aztec emperors family tree. International Studies Quarterly.
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Mexico, 3rd Ed. The Aztecs. Revised Ed. The Codex Mendoza Vol. University of California Press, p.After the conquest, codices with calendric or religious information were sought out and systematically destroyed by the church - whereas other types Aztec painted books, Sunday Sonntag historical Semperoper Kleiderordnung and Kingkong Spiele lists continued to Bridge übungsprogramm produced. Ancient History Encyclopedia. About 20 quachtli could support a commoner for one year in Tenochtitlan. Such strategic provinces were often exempt from tributary demands. The principal heirs of Moctezuma II and their descendants retained high status. Even after the confederation of the Triple Alliance was 3d Mahjong Dark in and began its expansion through conquest, the altepetl remained the dominant form of organization at the local level. See also: Aztec religion. See also: Society in the Spanish Colonial Americas. Haugen, J. For the inauguration ceremony the Mexica invited the rulers of all their subject cities, who participated as spectators in the ceremony in which an unprecedented Spiel Azul of war captives were sacrificed — some sources giving a Kostenlos Bingo Spielen of Cl Spielplan 2021 20, prisoners sacrificed over four days.