Welcome to How To Cook That
I am Ann Reardon today I am really excited about this video I am going to show you how
to make chocolate all the way from the cocoa beans to the bar. Now if you can’t get hold
of cocoa beans I’ll also show you how to make it using cocoa powder as well. If you want to make it using the beans the
first thing you’ll need to do is buy some cocoa beans. And you can buy them raw like
these ones that I bought while I was in Mexico. And beans from around the world have all different
flavours – most the chocolate that you have tasted will have bean from one variety of
coca bean only. There are so many different chocolate flavours so make sure you source
some cocoa beans from different places around the world. When the beans are raw like this they have
a reddish tinge, they are firm, you can’t break the shell off them.
So the first thing we need to roast the beans. Spread them out in a single layer onto a lined
baking tray. Look through and take out any that are shriveled or don’t look good.
And we want to get rid of those and keep the good looking ones. Roasting them brings out
the chocolate flavour and smell but it also releases the shell from the bean so we can
get it off. The easiest way for you to buy a small quantity
of cocoa beams is to buy from a bean to bar chocolate maker and I’ll put a list on this
weeks blog post on howtocookthat.net of some from all around the world for you.
Preheat your oven to 54C or 130F and then put the beans in and immediately turn the
heat up to 121c or 250F Put your timer on for exactly 15 minutes.
Once the timer goes I want you to turn the oven back down to 50C or 120F and open the
oven door for a minute to let it rapidly cool down. Then close the door and leave them in
there for another 12 minutes. Now they should be done take them out of the
oven and let them cool for 5 minutes. You can also buy beans that are already roasted
– like these ones I got from a chocolate maker in Australia, these beans were grown in Somalia
and they have a completely different taste to the mexican ones. Step 2. You need to remove the shell now,
you can do this by hand which I think for small quantities like this I definitely the
easiest way. Gently twist the bean and then remove the shell bits. The other way you can do this is the crush
the beans using a rolling pin. then tip them onto a tray or a bowl and gently blow with
a hairdryer to remove the lighter shells. I found that method messy and not as effective
as doing it by hand. I also found the shells on the freshly roasted
beans were much easier to remove than the ones on the beans that I bought already roasted.
So if you can source the raw cocoa beans and roast them yourself. Then you’ll be left with a pile of thin shells
and a bowl of cocoa nibs. You can also buy cocoa nibs from the shops
if you’ve bought them like that is they say they are raw then you just need to spread
them on a tray and roast them for 10 minutes at 100C or 212 f these coca nibs are from
peru, these ones so we are going to make three different chocolates. Step 3 is to mill your beans and make them
finer. I am using a blender for these ones. – unless you’re filming keep the lid on or
you’ll get cocoa bean bits all over your bench. Once it is reasonably fine tip it into a bowl
and microwave for about 30 seconds. This is going to start to melt the cooca butter that
is in the beans Cocoa beans are about 50% cocoa butter. Tip that back into the blender
and add your powdered sugar. This needs to be pure icing sugar with no added cornstarch.
If you can’t find that use normal white sugar instead and blend that first on it’s own to
break it down into a powder. Next step is grinding. Now all I have is a
mortar and pestle so my chocolate is not going to be any where near as smooth as chocolate
you buy in the shops. You can buy a chocolate grinder which has turning stone wheel that
you leave that on for several hours to break down the chocolate particle size. Commercial
chocolate factories use big steal rollers to crush it down to a tiny 20 microns – To
give you an idea of just how small that is, it needs to be about half the size of your
powdered sugar or icing sugar. But that tiny particle size in your chocolate is what makes
it feel so smooth in the mouth and also makes it taste creamier because those chocolate
particles can get right in where your taste buds are on your tongue. So keep grinding until your arm hurts knowing
that you are not get it as fine as it is in the shops. The more you crush it you’ll notice the moister
it becomes as you release more of the cocoa butter from the bean. If you had a chocolate
grinder eventually it will become liquid on it’s own. But because we don’t we need to
add some extra cocoa butter – just melt it in the microwave and pour it in. Then grind
some more and you’ve got chocolate. At this point the commercial chocolate is
then conched – which means it is stirred while it is warm and melted, sometimes they conch
it for days at a time just to get rid of any acidy flavours to it. We don’t have a conching machine, I’m not
going to stand here and stir it for three days so all we are going to temper it and
pour into our molds. I have a video explaining all the different ways that you can temper
at home. My favourite is using the freeze dried cocoa powder and I’ll show you that
in the tempering video. Tempering makes the cocoa butter set firm at room temperature
instead of being soft. Leave that bar at room temperature to set. Once it is ready tip it
out of the mold and you’ve got a bar of home make dark chocolate. Now because you are making it yourself you
can vary the recipe for the next block I am using cocoa nibs, cocoa butter, cocoa powder.
Cocoa nibs made of cocoa butter and cocoa powder or rather cocoa powder comes from them
but by adding them separately you can change the proportions in you chocolate. We are also
using icing sugar and the seeds from a vanilla bean. These proportions are about the same as you’ll
find in a lindt 80% dark chocolate bar. I’ll put all the weights for this on the howtocookthat.net
website for you. Put it all into blender or a food processor
and blend until it is fine. Then warm up those crumbs up in the microwave and you’ll get
a liquid – blend that for a couple of minutes to get it as smooth as you can and then temper
it and mold it. And you’ve got your very dark chocolate. For milk chocolate you will need cocoa nibs,
cocoa butter, sugar and milk powder. Blend it up, then grind it some more and mold it.
In my opinion the milk chocolate really needs a proper chocolate grinder. But they cost
between 300 and 800 dollars so if you’re just doing it to have a go at making your won don’t
bother investing in that expense. Now if you can’t get cocoa beans they are
made up as I said of about 50% cocoa powder and 50% cocoa butter so you can swap out in
any of these recipes. Just melt your cocoa butter and mix in the icing sugar and cocoa
powder. Remember even this will not be as smooth as your brought chocolate because the
powders have about double the particle size you’re used to when you buy commercial chocolate.
So which one tastes the best? We have milk chocolate , mexican dark chocolate and peruvian
extra dark. I really like the mexican chocolate. It has more of a nutty flavour to it than
the other beans do. The milk is of course the sweetest and I think
it illustrates the particle sizes well because you can see the little dots of cocoa bean
so they don’t have the smoothness of store bought chocolate. Definitely give it a go making your own at
home and get a couple of different types of beans so that you can see the different flavours
they have. Subscribe to how to cook that for more cakes
chocolate and dessert, click here to go to the video n how to temper chocolate, here
for last weeks inside out cake and here for all my other videos. And here to go to the
howtocookthat.net website to get all of the weights that you need for making your chocolate.
Have a great week and I’ll see you call on Friday.
[music: the boat song by youtube.com/setsailtv used with permsission]